‘Georgia O’Keeffe: To See Takes Time’ at MoMA in April, 2023




Cover of Georgia O’Keeffe: To See Takes Time, published by The Museum of Modern Art, New York, 2023.

The Museum of Modern Art announces Georgia O’Keeffe: To See Takes Time, the first exhibition to investigate the artist’s works on paper made in series. Using charcoal, watercolor, pastel, and graphite, she explored forms and phenomena—from abstract rhythms to nature’s cycles—across multiple examples. The exhibition will run from April 9 to August 12, 2023.

Georgia O’Keeffe. An Orchid, 1941. Pastel on paper mounted on board. 27 5/8 x 21 3/4″ (70.2 x 55.2 cm). The Museum of Modern Art, New York. Bequest of Georgia O’Keeffe, 1990. © 2022 Georgia O’Keeffe Museum / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York

Some of these sequences also gave rise to related paintings, which will be installed alongside these works on paper. On view in MoMA’s third-floor south galleries from April 9 through August 12, 2023, the exhibition reveals a lesser-known side of this artist, foregrounding O’Keeffe’s persistently modern process on paper. Over 120 works created over more than four decades—including key examples from MoMA’s collection—demonstrate the ways in which O’Keeffe developed, repeated, and changed motifs that blur the boundary between observation and abstraction. Seen together, these works demonstrate how drawing in series allowed O’Keeffe to revisit and rework subjects throughout her career, and reveal the thoughtful material choices behind her resplendent compositions. The exhibition is organized by Samantha Friedman, Associate Curator, Department of Drawings and Prints, with Laura Neufeld, Associate Paper Conservator, The David Booth Conservation Department, and Emily Olek, Curatorial Assistant, Department of Drawings and Prints. Special thanks to the Georgia O’Keeffe Museum.

Though MoMA’s 1946 Georgia O’Keeffe exhibition was its first retrospective of a woman artist, the Museum has not had an exhibition devoted to the artist since. This exhibition is the first to reunite drawings that are most often seen individually, in order to illuminate O’Keeffe’s innovative serial practice. In the formative years of 1915 to 1918, O’Keeffe made more works on paper than she would at any other time, producing her breakthrough series of charcoals and sequences in watercolor of abstract lines, organic landscapes, and nudes. While her practice turned increasingly toward canvas after this period, important series on paper reappeared—including flowers of the 1930s, portraits of the 1940s, and aerial views of the 1950s—all of which are included in this exhibition.

Georgia O’Keeffe. Evening Star No.II, 1917. Watercolor on paper. 8 3/4 × 12″ (22.2 × 30.5 cm). Courtesy Crystal Bridges Museum of American Art, Bentonville, Arkansas.. Photography by Dwight Primiano. © 2022 Georgia O’Keeffe Museum / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York

“O’Keeffe’s works on paper are the perfect expression of her belief that ‘to see takes time,’” says associate curator Samantha Friedman. “She recognized the necessity of slowing down for her own vision, and, in turn, her sequences of drawings invite us to take time in looking.”

Among the key works in the exhibition is the early charcoal No. 8 – Special (Drawing No. 8) (1916). O’Keeffe called some of her works “specials,” indicating her belief in their success; this drawing features a spiraling composition that would recur throughout the artist’s decades-long career. She once noted of this work, “I have made this drawing several times—never remembering that I had made it before—and not knowing where the idea came from,” emphasizing the seriality of her practice.

Another highlight of the exhibition will be the reunion of watercolors in the Evening Star series (1917), whose luminous palette reflects O’Keeffe’s response to a Texas sky. Together, these works express how the artist’s development of an idea across multiple sheets mirrors the shifting forms and movement of nature itself. Tracing the course of a dramatic sunset, O’Keeffe transitions from discrete bands of color separated by areas of blank paper to fully bled areas of liquid pigment.

Drawing X (1959), made the year O’Keeffe took a three-month trip around the world, was inspired by the views of the landscape she witnessed from a plane. One in a series of such charcoals that also led to subjectively colored paintings, this work offers a key example ofthe complex and subtle relationship between  representation and abstraction within the artist’s project.

Georgia O’Keeffe. Eagle Claw and Bean Necklace, 1934. Charcoal on paper. 19 x 25 1/8″ (48.5 x 63.9 cm). The Museum of Modern Art, New York. Given anonymously (by exchange), 1936. © 2022 Georgia O’Keeffe Museum / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York


The exhibition will be accompanied by a fully illustrated catalogue edited by Samantha Friedman, with essays by Friedman and Laura Neufeld. 200 pages, 200 color illustrations. Hardcover, $50. ISBN: 978-1-63345-147-6. Published by The Museum of Modern Art, New York, and available at MoMA stores and online at store.moma.org. Distributed to the trade through ARTBOOK|D.A.P. in the United States and Canada, and through Thames & Hudson in the rest of the world.

Georgia O’Keeffe. No. 12 Special, 1916. Charcoal on paper. 24 x 19″ (61 x 48.3 cm). The Museum of Modern Art, New York. Gift of The Georgia O’Keeffe Foundation, 1995. © 2022 The Museum of Modern Art / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York


The exhibition is sponsored by the Getty Foundation through The Paper Project initiative. Leadership funding is provided by the Kate W. Cassidy Foundation. Major support is provided by The International Council of The Museum of Modern Art and by the Dian Woodner Exhibition Endowment Fund.

Generous funding is provided by the Robert Lehman Foundation. Additional support is provided by David Bushler. The Bloomberg Connects digital experience is made possible through the support of Bloomberg Philanthropies.

Georgia O’Keeffe: To See Takes Time will be on view from April 9 to August 12, 2023 at The Museum of Modern Art, 11 West 53rd Street, NYC.